Carbs May Be More Important Than Genes
While it is true that our genes can contribute to our appearance and body weight, the epidemic of obesity is growing in a similar fashion among men and women, and among African-Americans, Caucasians, and Hispanics. Level of education, amounts of physical activity and other factors also clearly suggest that the recent increase in obesity is not due to our genes but to the environment. What we eat and how much we exercise are the key.
Conveniently offering delicious, low to moderate glycaemic meals along with appropriate amounts of protein and fat has been shown to be successful in managing body weight. The 28-day clean eating meal plan from Clean Eating Australia includes meals that are higher in protein, lower in carbs and also contain some fat. This has been shown to provide the optimum level of nutrients to assist with weight loss.
Food choice is a critical influence on our weight. The message that we must reduce fat in our diet to prevent obesity was a mistake and has led to eating more carbohydrates which appears is responsible for most of the excess in dietary calories. Recently, it has been discovered that the low-fat craze has caused an increase in addiction to sugar. According to Dr. Maratos-Flier of Harvard Medical School, the low-fat, high carbohydrate message “is what is making people fat.” Between 1980 and 1995, Americans increased their fat intake very little, protein by 15%, but massively ate more carbohydrate—from 300 to 500 grams per day, providing up to 1200 to 2000 more calories. Foods containing rapidly absorbed or high glycaemic carbs can increase hunger sensation for several hours after a meal and lead to eating an overall greater amount of food. The current USDA food guide pyramid positions high carbohydrate foods as the most desirable. This could be improved by suggesting fewer overall carbs and emphasizing those with a lower glycaemic index such as most vegetables.